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Rwanda recorded the most progress, followed by Ghana and Liberia in the fight against poverty since 2005.
The standard of living for many Africans has improved, according to a report released by the African Development Bank this week.
“Gender equality is on the rise in several nations –including Botswana, Namibia, Rwanda – where women achieve almost equal levels of human development as men,”said the report.
“At least a third of African countries have now achieved medium to high levels of human development.
“North Africa has the highest levels, approaching the world average, but all sub-regions have seen steady improvement” since the turn of the 2000s, it said in the report titled African Economic Outlook 2017.
But it noted that though there were these advances, some 544 million Africans still live in
The report indicates that there are 1.2 billion people living on the African continent. It also indicates a significant progress in health, education and standard of living.
A Rwandan community-based health insurance system covers nearly 9 in 10 of its people.
Egypt and Tunisia have health insurance systems that cover 78% and 100% respectively of their people.
Spending on education, considered important in measuring development, is above 6% of gross domestic product in South Africa, Ghana, Morocco, Mozambique and Tunisia
But Nigeria puts less than 1% of its gross domestic product into schooling.
But these are not necessarily good news for the many Africans who have no access to cooking oil, electricity and sanitation.
Some 645 million Africans in sub-saharan Africa live without electricity and many of the continent’s young people and have skills that is not marketable.
The African Development Bank however predicts a 3.4% growth in 2017.
(edited by MLM)
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