SA youth unemployed because “no money” to apply: survey

It’s the costs involved in printing CVs, accessing internet, transport and even bribes that were a barrier to finding a job.


A new survey has found that one of the contributing factors to young South Africans unable to find jobs was the costs involved in applying for work.

The study is ongoing since 2013 and is conducted by the Siyakha Youth Assets for Employability Study.

It said young South Africans battled with money to use in order to hunt for work and most relied on family members for funds.

On average, South African youths spend R938 a month looking for work, according to the study.

This cost includes transport, printing and internet access, in some cases also bribes.

The unemployment rate in South Africa stands at 27% – rising from 21% in the past 10 years.

The picture is even more alarming when you consider the unemployment statistics. Over the last decade unemployment in South Africa has increased from 21.5% to 27.2%.

The study was released in February 2019 and showed that while factors such as lack of skills and an economy struggling to grow were contributors the process of finding work is expensive.

The Siyakha Youth Assets also offers some form of skills training and gives young people advice on finding work.

The researchers interviewed mostly black Africans from poor communities and found that there was a factor other than limited skills, lack of work experience and high wage expectations, and that that was the exuberant costs in applying.

1, 986 young people participated in the Siyakha skills development programmes from 48 training sites across South Africa.

This affected mainly black youth in the townships, it found, and the reason for this is that apartheid era spatial planning, in which townships were established far away from economic hubs, continues to affect the ability of people to look for work in a cost effective way.

Two-thirds of the participants in the study live in townships. This means they have to travel long distances to the urban economic hubs to access job opportunities.

In addition to the burden of travel, internet and printing costs, the study found that over half (51%) of young people are living in homes that are classified as severely food insecure. This means that they, or another member of the household, had gone without food to eat more than once in the 30 days that preceded the baseline study.

This means that households had to make difficult decisions between funding the costs of seeking work and affording basic necessities.

“Our research found that close to two-thirds (61.6%) of participants relied on family members to fund their costs of searching for work, which puts a huge strain on their personal relationships and often made these young people feel like a burden,” it said.

(edited by MLM, with IOL)

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Here’s another way of creating 50 jobs

A former school teacher, the woman ended up resigning at the education department in order to focus on her new job.


The 28-year-old Kholofelo Nengwenda has now created jobs for 50 people.

When she moved from Limpopo to start a job in Mpumalanga as a school teacher 4 years ago, she struggled to find a domestic worker.

She then realised the demand and started a cleaning service and a domestic worker placement company called Mukhoni Cleaning Specialists.

Kholofelo’s company has grown to create jobs for about 50 people in just a few years of operation.

“Soon after registering my company the demand became so high that I ended up resigning as a school teacher,” she said.

“In the beginning, the business focused more on household cleaning services and domestic worker placement, but two years later we had to expand our services to the commercial and industrial market too,” she added.

In 2016,  Kholofelo attended an entrepreneurial training course at the National Youth Development Agency.

While she was still attending training, she learned that the NYDA had a grant programme for budding entrepreneurs and she applied for it.

“I specifically applied for grants to purchase equipment for my business because after winning a tender to provide services for the South African Revenue Services (SARS) we struggled to reach windows that were high up on the building,” she said.

“The application process took about a year. I received an amount of R49 000 from the NYDA in 2017 to buy equipment for my company.

“This helped my business to advance because we were able to provide services at SARS and the Steve Tshwete Municipality in the past year,” she added.

Her company recently expanded its services adding office cleaning, commercial and industrial cleaning to its list.

Among the 50 workers employed by Nengwenda, 35 are permanent and her company has also made it possible for close to 20 household domestic workers to be placed.

She said her future plans are to grow the business.

“I would like to expand my services into training cleaners in the hygiene field and also to become a business improvement coach or a business mentor at the NYDA,” she said.

– With Vuk’ uzenzele,also published HERE.

(edited by ZK)

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Selfish politicians pander on SA unemployed youth

As many as 80% of ANCYL and YCL members are unemployed.


These young people find themselves joining the two movements because of the dire economic situation and are often misused by elder leaders for their own selfish interests.

Delivering a political report at the Donna-Bella conference centre during its 7th congress, YCL Gert Sibande leader Ayanda Mashaba said the 51% Mpumalanga youth that is reported to be unemployed by Statistics SA find themselves despondent about the future and as a result have turned to crime, gangsterism, drugs and alcohol abuse or “to transactional sexual relationships” in order to counter the poverty they are faced with.

“What’s more, many more turn to our organisations, the ANCYL and YCL as a way of upward economic mobility.

SEE ALSO: YCL Congress: who’s in, who’s out?

“Several organisational reports show that more than 80% of ANCYL and YCL members are unemployed, making our organisation de-facto recruitment agencies,” Mashaba said.

“In the quest for economic progress, young people in these organisations are pitted against each other to prove loyalty in order to advance their respective economic interests,” he said.

Those who were more loyal to a particular leader find themselves being liberated economically while others were scared of being principled because they feared they would no longer receive the benefits from leaders.

Others hoped they would get similar benefits, serving the interests of a certain powerful leader than the policies or ideologies of the movement.

“Comrades, this is the better reality of where we find ourselves as an organisation.

“This bears testimony to not only the economic imperative of solving the unemployment crisis but also the political imperative,” he said.

“The inability to solve the crisis of youth unemployment not only undermine economic development of our country but is also a grave threat to the internal cohesion and stability of the ANC and SACP,” he said.

(edited by MLM)

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